LaCrosse has an infectious disease named after it.
The LaCrosse encephalitis virus is one of the Mosquito transmitted strains of encephalitis. Discovered in 1965, LaCrosse encephalitis causes inflammation of the brain with symptoms ranging from headaches, vomiting, and nausea on the milder side to comas, paralysis, seizures, and permanent brain damage on the severe side. Severe case are most commonly found in children under the age of 16. Death from LaCrosse encephalitis occurs in less than 1% of those infected with the disease. Being infected with LaCrosse encephalitis is considered rare. Those that are most at risk in contacting LaCrosse encephalitis are those that live and work in woodland areas.
There is no preventative vaccine for LaCrosse encephalitis and treatment consists mostly of managing the symptoms.
According to the Centers For Disease Control, approximately 80-100 cases of LaCrosse encephalitis is reported each year. Most cases are reported in the upper Midwestern states; Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio. In recent years the LaCrosse encephalitis virus has been found in the southeastern and southern regions of the United States.